Hui Ling Chen, Tapan Kumar Nath, Siewhui Chong, Vernon Foo, Chris Gibbins, Alex M. Lechner
Purpose of Measurement:
Understanding the Problem, Solution Sets and Impact Potential
Oceans, Policy, Behavior Change
This review outlines the current state of plastic waste production and management in Malaysia, including options for landfill, recycling and incineration. It presents information on the scale and both the human and ecological risks of plastic waste in the country and highlights key constraints on the success of these. Significant internal constraints stem from the inconsistent application of policy initiatives by state governments, in addition to the lack of public awareness and interest in household recycling. The paper closes by discussing options for and constraints on the switch to biodegradable alternatives and proposes a model of plastic management based on a circular economy approach and solid waste management hierarchy.